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Ellen

New member
Staff member
Specialist
Jun 14, 2020
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Hi,

I'm one of the specialists at FixMySkincare - I know getting into skincare can lead to confusion, so I've created this definitive guide where you can find all the names and terms you’re struggling to decipher from the back of your skincare packaging (and more).

AHAS
Alpha hydroxy acids (AHAs) are chemical exfoliants (like glycolic and lactic acids) which exfoliate the top layers of the skin to remove dead skin cells and stimulate cell renewal.

ALPHA ARBUTIN
Alpha arbutin is a safe skin-brightening ingredient which helps to fade scars and pigmentation.

ANTIOXIDANTS
Antioxidants are essential to maintaining healthy skin because they help to defend skin against damage from free radicals.

BHAS
BHA stands for beta hydroxy acid and is more commonly known as salicylic acid. It’s an oil-soluble ingredient which helps to reduce excess oil, prevent breakouts, and reduce the appearance of pores.

CERAMIDES
Ceramides are basically the cement that holds skin together – they strengthen the skin’s barrier to prevent moisture from escaping in order to improve hydration levels.

GLYCOLIC ACID
A chemical exfoliant also known as an AHA, glycolic acid works by breaking down dead skin cells so that fresh new cells can show through.

HYALURONIC ACID
Hyaluronic acid acts like a magnet to draw moisture into the skin.

LACTIC ACID
Lactic acid is an AHA which works by removing dead cells from the top layers of the skin.

NIACINAMIDE
Niacinamide is a great ingredient for any skin type or concern, but is particularly beneficial for skin that needs soothing and balancing.

PHAS
PHAs work in the same way as AHAs, but they don’t penetrate skin as deeply (because their molecules are much larger).

RETINOL
Known as Vitamin A, retinol increases cell turnover and boosts collagen production.

ROSEHIP OIL
Rich in ingredients like vitamin C, vitamin E, and fatty acids, this naturally occurring oil is known for its ability to heal and regenerate damaged skin.

SALICYLIC ACID
Salicylic acid is a chemical exfoliant known as a BHA.

SQUALANE
Squalane is an oil-based source of fatty acids.

VITAMIN C
Vitamin C can help to brighten skin, reverse the effects of pollution, fade pigmentation, and prevent early signs of aging.


If I missed something off the list, please let me know and leave a comment!

Onwards and upwards from now on, good luck improving your skincare :)